Every year, the Italian Scoliosis Study Group selects the best published papers on conservative spine treatment from the global scientific literature.
Here is the abstract from one of these papers.
The relationship between minor coronal asymmetry of the spine and measures of spinal sagittal shape in adolescents without visible scoliosis
Adrian Gardner, Fiona Berryman, Paul Pynsent
Sci Re. 2023 Mar 15;13(1):4294. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-31237-z.
The purpose of this work is to identify what features of overall spinal sagittal shape are associated with coronal asymmetry in those without scoliosis. Using a longitudinal analysis of Integrated Shape Imaging System 2 (ISIS2) surface topography images of those without scoliosis, measures of coronal asymmetry, along with measures of spinal sagittal shape (kyphosis, lordosis and sagittal imbalance, which is a measure of the position of the top of the thoracic spine relative to the sacrum) were analysed using linear mixed effect models (LMEM), which is a method of analysing the components of a complex model (such as that describing overall spinal shape), to ascertain the relative relationships between the parameters. Data was also analysed when subdivided for the anatomical level of coronal asymmetry (thoracic or thoracolumbar/lumbar pattern). There were 784 measures from 196 children. Kyphosis had little effect on coronal asymmetry for males and females, lordosis increased with coronal asymmetry in females only and sagittal imbalance increased with coronal asymmetry in males only. The results of the LMEM modelling were that the parameters related to coronal asymmetry were lordosis and sagittal imbalance. In thoracic coronal asymmetry, whilst lordosis was predominant, kyphosis played more of a role. In thoracolumbar/lumbar coronal asymmetry, lordosis and sagittal imbalance were the larger coefficients. Coronal asymmetry of the spine in those without scoliosis is related to features of spinal sagittal shape, particularly lordosis and sagittal imbalance. This knowledge adds to the understanding of the aetiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.